The Virginians bought African slaves because they were cheap and because the landless, freemen were growing rebellious. With the advent of widespread slavery, the number of servants becoming free went down, and therefore demand for land.
And there were in fact some who wanted to go further and really enslave the poor. They despised the churchmen who unflaggingly supported every infringement of liberty.
Thus there were practical reasons for Virginia to transition from servants to slaves. For example, the assembly of Virginia disenfranchised the growing population of freemen and confined voting rights to only landholders and householders.
The superiority of one man over another, they proclaimed, was the result either of force or folly. Better to stick to Pocahontas and cute Thanksgiving turkeys. But slavery was a national dilemma, and the effects of its tyranny could not be contained in a single region.
How republican freedom came to be supported, at least in large part, by its opposite, slavery, is the subject of this book. Slavery was by far the most volatile subject on the table; southern delegates threatened continuously to leave the union before it was fully formed, unless their right to black property was guaranteed and protected.
Slaves did not become leveling mobs, because their owners would see to it that they had no chance to. Congress outlawed the African slave trade inthe domestic trade flourished, and the slave population in the U. George Washington led the Americans in battle against British oppression.
How republican freedom came to be supported, at least in large part, by its opposite, slavery, is the subject of this book.
And a Virginia general gave up at Appomattox the attempt to support freedom with slavery. These people hoped to acquire some land after their terms of service, but as their hopes were broken, they became rebellious and started roaming, stealing, drinking, quarreling, etc.
Was the vision of a nation of equals flawed at the source by contempt for both the poor and the black? Is America still colonial Virginia writ large? But were the two more closely linked than his conquerors could admit?
Colonists froze to death or died of disease. Most relevant to the subject of the book is the exploitation of servants. What were the material circumstances of existence? Virginians above all others seemed bent on reducing all men to an equal footing.
White men and women were not permitted to marry blacks or effectively acknowledge their own children by interracial unions. So of course, rather than stop exploiting people to enrich yourself, just encourage them to be racist instead.
Although the early settlers maintained a fair relationship with the native Indians, peace was soon broken when a group of settlers murdered an Indian chief.
George Washington led the Americans in battle against British oppression. At the same time, political theories took hold in Virginia that favored legislative power i. The sum of capital committed to human chattel was exceeded only by that invested in land. Karlson, The Devil in the Shape of a Woman.American Slavery, American Freedom is a study of the tragic contradiction at the core of America.
Morgan finds the keys to this central paradox, "the marriage of slavery and freedom," in the people and the politics of the state that was both the birthplace of the Revolution and the largest slaveholding state in Reviews: Get this from a library!
American slavery, American freedom: the ordeal of colonial Virginia. [Edmund Sears Morgan]. AAS20 American Slavery American Freedom (The ordeal of Colonial Virginia) Edmund S. Morgan AAS21 Many thousand gone Charles H. Nichols AAS22 The Atlantic Slave Trace David Northrup.
American Slavery, American Freedom: The Ordeal of Colonial Virginia by MORGAN, Edmund S. History Book Club by arrangement with WW Norton & Company, Inc. Hardcover. Item in acceptable condition including possible liquid damage. Edmund Morgan, American Slavery, American Freedom, chs.
Week of September 8 Lectures. English Village Life ; Chesapeake Society ; Readings. Russell R. Menard, "From Servant to Freeholder: Status Mobility and Property Accumulation in Seventeenth-Century. Edmund Morgan, American Slavery, American Freedom Phillis Wheatley, Poems on Various Subjects Religious and Moral () Frederick Douglass, “The Meaning of July Fourth for the Negro”.Download